Skip to content

COVID Closure: Due to current local Covid-19 conditions, the Father Andrew P. Kashevaroff building will remain closed to the public through Saturday October 24, 2020. Staff remain available by phone and email. Watch this space for updates.

Back to Top

Unangax̂ (Aleut) Relocation during World War II

4 Native children stand under a sign: Ward Lake Evacuation Camp.
Aleut (Unangan) relocation to Southeast Alaska: (27) Kasaan, Killisnoo, and Ward Lake Refugee Camps, 1942.
Evelyn Butler and George Dale. Photographs, 1934-1982. ASL-PCA-306-1044.

After the Japanese attack of Alaska's Aleutian Islands on June 3, 1942, officials forcedly evacuated Alaska Natives from the Aleutian and Pribilof Islands. These Alaska Natives were relocated to six areas in Southeast Alaska, as far away as 1,500 miles from their homelands.

Many were housed in old and derelict cannery buildings. Lack of proper food, housing, and medicinal care resulted in deaths and trauma for those relocated as well as future generations.

Primary Sources

Letter describing Aleut living conditions at Funter Bay, Alaska

Description Letter describing Aleut living conditions at Funter Bay, Alaska, September 20, 1943.
Author Ernest Gruening, Governor of Alaska
Date created September 20, 1943
Repository Alaska State Archives
Citation Letter written by Ernest Gruening to Dr. Ira Bagrielson, Box VS 471, Office of the District and Territorial Governor records, Alaska State Archives.
Online access Letter describing Aleut living conditions at Funter Bay, Alaska [Alaska's Digital Archives]

Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1941-1942

Description Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1941-1942.
Author Ernest Gruening, Governor of Alaska
Dates created 1941-1942
Repository Alaska State Archives
Citation Correspondence files of Governor Gruening, Box VS 571, Office of the District and Territorial Governor records, Alaska State Archives.
Online access Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1941-42 [Alaska's Digital Archives]

Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1942

Description Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1942.
Author Ernest Gruening, Governor of Alaska
Date created 1942-1945
Repository Alaska State Archives
Citation Correspondence files of Governor Gruening, Box VS 571, Office of the District and Territorial Governor records, Alaska State Archives.
Online access Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1942 [Alaska's Digital Archives]

Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1943

Description Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1943.
Date created 1943
Author Ernest Gruening, Governor of Alaska
Repository Alaska State Archives
Citation Correspondence files of Governor Gruening, Box VS 571, Office of the District and Territorial Governor records, Alaska State Archives.
Online access Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1943 [Alaska's Digital Archives]

Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1944-1947

Description Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1944-1947
Author Ernest Gruening, Governor of Alaska
Date created 1944-1947
Repository Alaska State Archives
Citation Correspondence files of Governor Gruening, Box VS 571, Office of the District and Territorial Governor records, Alaska State Archives.
Online access Governor Ernest Gruening's subject file and correspondence concerning Aleut Relocation, 1944-1947 [Alaska's Digital Archives]

Secondary Sources

World War II Aleut Relocation Camps in Southeast Alaska

Description National Park Service article series on World War II Aleut Relocation Camps in Southeast Alaska.
Online access World War II Aleut Relocation Camps in Southeast Alaska [NPS]

Page last updated 09/12/2019